Brussels, August, 7th, 2017 (SIGNIS). August 2017 is the "Month of Romero", as we will celebrate the centenary of the birth of the Archbishop, patron of SIGNIS, on August 15th. Today, we publish a few important dates of his eventful life.
15 August 1917: Birth of Óscar Arnulfo Romero y Galdámez in Ciudad Barrios, in el Salvador
1930: Enters the minor seminary in San Miguel
1937: Enters the national seminary of San Salvador, directed by Jesuits
1941: Receives a Licentiate in Theology cum laude from the Gregorian University in Rome
4 April 1942: Ordained Priest
11 January 1944: Celebrates his first mass in his native Ciudad Barrios. He begins his more than 20-year pastoral activity, in the department of San Miguel.
1966: Nominated as Secretary of the Bishops Conference for El Salvador (until 1974) and becomes the director of the archdiocesan newspaper Orientación
1970: Appointed an auxiliary bishop for the Archdiocese of San Salvador.
1974: Appointed Bishop of the Diocese of Santiago de María, a poor, rural region
23 February 1977: Appointed Archbishop of San Salvador
12 March 1977: Rutilio Grande, a Jesuit priest and personal friend of Romero who had been creating self-reliance groups among the poor, was assassinated. His death had a profound impact on Romero. In response to Grande's murder, Romero revealed an activism, speaking out against poverty, social injustice, assassinations and torture. Archbishop Romero became the voice of the voiceless poor.
February 1980: Writes an open letter to American president Jimmy Carter, asking the United States not to intervene in El Salvador’s fate by arming brutal security forces
1979 : Nominated for the Nobel Peace Prize
February 1980: Receives an honorary doctorate by the University of Louvain (Belgium)
24 March 1980 : Murdered by a sniper while celebrating mass in a chapel at the cancer hospital La Divina Providencia.
30 March 1980: Buried in the Metropolitan Cathedral of San Salvador (Catedral Metropolitana de San Salvador). The Funeral Mass on in San Salvador was attended by more than 250,000 mourners from all over the world.
18 May 1980 : Doctor honoris causa post mortem from de Salvador University
1989: The film Romero was launched, directed by John Duigan
2010: The film, Monseñor, the Last Journey of Óscar Romero, premieres in the US
2010: The United Nations General Assembly proclaimed 24 March as the "International Day for the Right to the Truth Concerning Gross Human Rights Violations and for the Dignity of Victims" in recognition of the role of Archbishop Romero in defence of human rights.
22 March 2011: U.S. President Barack Obama visited Romero's tomb during an official visit to El Salvador.
January 2015: Declared a martyr by Pope Francis
23 May 2015 : Beatified in San Salvador